October 29, 2021 – As part of the European Green Deal, with the ultimate goal of achieving toxic-free environment, , the European Commission published the EU chemicals strategy for sustainability on October 14, 2020.
On this basis, a consultation on the Roadmap was launched on October 4, 2021, to address aspects related to cosmetics.
Let’s see how the implementation of the Strategy will affect the cosmetics regulatory framework as well!
Chemicals are present in most consumer goods – toys, cosmetics, and textile – but they might have hazardous properties and harm human and environment safety. Currently, substances of concern are included in the candidate list in REACH and in Annex VI to the CLP Regulation.
The European Commission has called for a revision of the current EU’s chemicals policy to further protect both human health and the planet. This includes:
- Reinforcement of REACH and CLP Regulation;
- Ensuring a coherent approach in sectorial legislations, including the cosmetics one;
- Creating tools that enable a prompt response to scientific findings.
Revision of the EU Cosmetics Regulation
The Regulation EC 1223/2009 on cosmetic products needs to be revised to align with the EU chemicals strategy for sustainability – Among the proposed changes, there are the introduction of a new horizontal definition of nanomaterial and the development of digital labeling.
Authorities, industry representatives, citizens and researchers are all invited to give their feedback on how to improve the current cosmetics regulatory framework. The initiative will close on November 1, 2021.
Moreover, before the end of 2021, a public consultation on the topic will take place, while the adoption of the new EU Cosmetics Regulation is expected in the fourth quarter of 2022. You can find the roadmap here.
Generic approach to risk management vs specific risk assessment
One of the main points under discussion, is the introduction of the generic approach to risk management as the default method to evaluate chemicals. If the proposal will be accepted, substances will be assessed by groups and no longer one by one.
In this scenario, once a group of chemicals is confirmed to have hazardous properties, an automatic ban for the use of these substances in consumer goods will apply. Exceptionally, their use will be permitted with restrictions if the chemicals meet the essentiality criteria – which are not defined yet.
Conversely, the specific risk assessment method (currently, the most common) implies that substances of concern are evaluated and then ‘regulated on a case-by-case basis and for each specific use’ (EC, 2020).
According to the EU chemical strategy, the assessment procedure must be modified to make it simpler and more predictable. This goal might be achieved by applying the principle ‘one substance, one assessment’, according to which the evaluation of a substance must consider all the relevant sectors.
Hazardous chemicals in the EU Cosmetics Regulation
The EU Cosmetics Regulation specifically addresses CMR substances only, but there are many more chemical categories that might present hazardous properties. At present, substances of concern that are not CMR must be assessed by the Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS) and eventually the European Commission includes restricted or banned substances in Annexes II or III of the EU Cosmetics Regulation.
The extension of the provisions restricting CMR in the EU Cosmetics Regulation to further hazard classes, as endocrine disruptors is also envisaged among the objectives of the EU chemicals strategy for sustainability.
- European Commission. (2020). Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. Chemicals Strategy for Sustainability Towards a Toxic-Free Environment. Retrieved on 20/10/2021 from https://ec.europa.eu/environment/pdf/chemicals/2020/10/Strategy.pdf